Roger C. Newman

Roger C. NewmanProfessor
MA, PhD (Cambridge), DSc, CEng, FECS, FIMMM, FNACE, FICorr (Hon)

NSERC-UNENE Senior Industrial Research Chair in Corrosion and Materials Performance in Nuclear Power Systems

Room: WB224 | Tel.: 416-946-0604 | Email: roger.newman@utoronto.ca

Nuclear Industry WebsitesUNENECANTEACH

Awards and Memberships

  • 1994 Fellow of the Institute of Materials (UK)
  • 1994 Third triennial Helmuth Fischer Medal of DECHEMA (Frankfurt) for ‘outstanding contributions to fundamental aspects of electrochemistry relevant to corrosion’
  • 1997 Fellow of NACE International
  • 1998 T.P. Hoar Prize of the Institute of Corrosion (best paper in Corrosion Science during 1997; jointly with N.J. Laycock)
  • 2001 W.R. Whitney Award of NACE International
  • 2003 U.R. Evans Award of the Institute of Corrosion, Honorary Life Fellow of the Institute
  • 2003 T.P. Hoar Prize of the Institute of Corrosion (best paper in Corrosion Science during 2002; jointly with P. Ernst)
  • 2004 H.H. Uhlig Award of the Corrosion Division of the Electrochemical Society.
  • 2007 T.P. Hoar Prize of the Institute of Corrosion (best paper in Corrosion Science during 2006; jointly with M.H. Moayed)
  • 2007 Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Max Planck Institute for Iron and Steel Research
  • 2008 Member of the National Academies ROCSE (Research Opportunities in Corrosion Science and Engineering) committee, Washington, DC
  • 2010 Fellow of Electrochemical Society

Research Opportunities

Up to 5 graduate students are required from September, 2016 for research in corrosion and protection of metals. Summer employment is also available.

Available project areas include:

  • Atomistic simulation of alloy corrosion
  • Stress corrosion cracking in nuclear power systems
  • Studies of the film-induced cleavage phenomenon in metals
  • Monitoring of nuclear waste storage systems
  • New alloys for advanced nuclear power systems
  • Sulfur chemistry and corrosion
  • Composite nanoporous metals for biomedical and other applications

The group is well equipped with electrochemical instrumentation, autoclaves, furnaces, optical microscopy, hydrogen monitoring and state-of-the-art AFM. Local microscopy and surface analysis facilities are second to none.

Research Interests

Corrosion and Protection of Metals

Corrosion is not only one of the most costly forms of material degradation – it also offers a fertile area of interdisciplinary research, and can even be harnessed to make useful products such as metallic nanostructures.

A particular concern is the mechanical rupture of components due to stress corrosion cracking – the slow growth of cracks in a reactive environment. Stress corrosion failure is at the core of safety and risk analyses in several industries, including nuclear power generation. By understanding corrosion and stress corrosion mechanisms at the microscopic scale, not only can corrosion problems be mitigated, but insights can be obtained that are relevant to surprisingly remote areas of science and technology.

The main fundamental research theme of the group is the role of alloying elements in the corrosion performance of alloys. On one level, this is an atomistic issue. Computer simulation and advanced surface characterization are used to understand the dissolution, oxidation, and motion (by surface diffusion) of particular elements. Electrochemical techniques play an essential role in monitoring the kinetics of metal dissolution across semi-protective surface layers consisting of less-reactive metals and/or oxides. Molecular adsorption can be used to further modify or probe events at the interface. Relevant timescales range from seconds, in the case of an event occurring at the tip of a crack, to thousands of years, in the case of alloys used for containment of high-level nuclear waste. Alongside these atomistic considerations lies the recognition that localized corrosion of metals is an autocatalytic or coupled reaction-transport process in which the dissolution products acidify the local solution. Thus modelling skills are required to elucidate stability criteria and morphology development in localized corrosion sites; the morphologies and patterns that form deterministically in such sites are surprisingly rich.

In parallel to this underlying research programme there is vigorous activity in support of the Canadian nuclear power industry. Issues in steam-generator corrosion, waste storage and reactor component performance are being defined and offered as student projects in collaboration with industrial partners. Other industries with current corrosion issues include pulp and paper, oil and gas, and automotive, amongst others. Recently we have developed an activity in the prediction and monitoring of corrosion of steel reinforcement in concrete.

Curious nanoscale morphologies occur when elements are selectively dissolved (de-alloyed) from metallic alloys. Depending on the alloy system, the pore and ligament sizes in the resulting nanoporous structure may be stable at the 2-3 nm level, or may be coarsened in a controlled manner to hundreds or even thousands of nm, without losing the connectivity of the structure. Such materials have potential as membranes, templates, catalysts, sensor substrates, and high-surface-area electrodes, with applications in many areas such as biomedical technology, fuel cells, and filtration.

Sensor development is a natural extension of corrosion research, with common electrochemical themes. Work is proceeding on thin-film PEM-based hydrogen sensors, and sensors for deleterious metallurgical conditions in alloys, such as sigma phase in duplex stainless steels.

Selected Publications

(Last 10 years)

A.A. Vega and R.C. Newman, Nanoporous Metals Fabricated through Electrochemical Dealloying of Ag-Au-Pt with Systematic Variation of Au:Pt ratio, J. Electrochem. Soc., 161, C1-C10 (2014).

A.A. Vega and R.C. Newman, Beneficial Effects of Adsorbate-Induced Surface Segregation of Pt in Nanoporous Metals Fabricated by Dealloying of Ag-Au-Pt Alloys, J. Electrochem. Soc., 161, C11-C19 (2014).

N.S. McIntyre, J. Ulaganathan, T. Simpson, J. Qin, N. Sherry, M. Bauer, A. G. Carcea, R. C. Newman, M. Kunz, and N. Tamura, Mapping of Microscopic Strain Distributions in an Alloy 600 C-Ring after Application of Hoop Stresses and Stress Corrosion Cracking, Corrosion, 70, 66-73 (2014).

S.Y. Persaud, R.C. Newman, J. Huang, and G.A. Botton, Internal oxidation of Alloy 600 exposed to hydrogenated steam and the beneficial effects of thermal treatment, Corros. Sci., in press (2014).

Jaganathan Ulaganathan and Roger C. Newman, The Role of Local Strains from Cold Work on Stress Corrosion Cracking of a Brass in Mattsson’s Solution, Materials Characterization, 92, 127-137 (2014).

S.Y. Persaud, A.G. Carcea, J. Huang, A. Korinek, G.A. Botton, and R.C. Newman, Analytical Electron Microscopy of a Crack Tip Extracted from a Stressed Alloy 800 Sample Exposed to an Acid Sulfate Environment, Micron, 61, 62-69 (2014).

M.A. Domínguez-Aguilar, J. Ramírez Salgado, B. Castro-Domínguez, P. Hernández-Hernández, and R.C. Newman, Detection of Secondary Phases in Duplex Stainless Steel by Magnetic Force Microscopy and Scanning Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy, Materials Characterization, 86, 250-262 (2013).

G. Williams, H.N. McMurray, and R.C. Newman, Surface oxide reduction by hydrogen permeation through iron foil detected using a scanning Kelvin probe, Electrochemistry Communications, 27, 144-147 (2013).

N. J. H. Holroyd, G. M. Scamans, R. C. Newman and A. K. Vasudevan, Corrosion and Stress Corrosion of Aluminium-Lithium Alloys, Aluminum-Lithium Alloys, Processing, Properties and Applications, eds N. Eswara Prasad, Amol A. Gokhale and R.J.H. Wanhill, Elsevier, 2013, pp 447-490.

J. Chao, M. Fuller, N. Sherry, J. Qin, N.S. McIntyre, J. Ulaganathan, A.G. Carcea, R.C. Newman, M. Kunz, and N. Tamura, Plastic and Elastic Strains in Short and Long Cracks in Alloy 600 Studied by Polychromatic X-ray Microdiffraction and Electron Backscatter Diffraction, Acta Materialia, 60, 5508-5515 (2012).

J. Chao, M. Fuller, N.S. McIntyre, A.G. Carcea, R.C.Newman, M. Kunz, and N. Tamura, The Study of Stress Application and Corrosion Cracking on Ni-16Cr-9Fe (Alloy 600) C-ring Samples by Polychromatic X-ray Microdiffraction, Acta Materialia, 60, 781-792 (2012).

J. Erlebacher, R.C. Newman, K. Sieradzki, Fundamental Physics and Chemistry of Nanoporosity Evolution During Dealloying, Nanoporous Gold, eds Arne Wittstock, Jürgen Biener, Jonah Erlebacher, Marcus Bäumer, pp 11-29, RSC (2012).

J. Ulaganathan, N.A. Senior and R.C. Newman, Improvement of Passivity of Fe-xCr Alloys (x < 10%) by Cycling through the Reactivation Potential, J. Appl. Electrochem., 41, 873-879 (2011).

A. G. Carcea, E. Yip, D.D. He and R.C. Newman, Anodic Kinetics of NiCr[Mo] Alloys During Localized Corrosion: I Diffusion-controlled dissolution, J. Electrochem Soc., 158, C215-C220 (2011).

R.C. Newman, Stress corrosion cracking mechanisms, Corrosion Mechanisms in Theory and Practice, ed. P. Marcus, 3rd edition, 2011, pp 499-544.

R.C. Newman and 13 others, Report of the Committee on Research Opportunities in Corrosion Science and Engineering, National Academies Press, Washington DC (2011), pp. 192

R.C. Newman and N.A. Senior, A revised interpretation of ultra-fast stress corrosion cracking experiments by Serebrinsky and Galvele, Corros. Sci., 52, 1541-1544 (2010).

J. Ulaganathan and R.C. Newman, Thermodynamic control of iron reactivation from the passive state in mild acid, Electrochem.Solid State Lett., 13, C13-C16 (2010).

R.C. Newman, Pitting corrosion of metals, The Electrochemical Society Interface, ECS Classics Redux Series, 19, 33-38 (2010).

R.C. Newman, Dealloying, Shreir’s Corrosion, 4th Edition, Vol. 2, pp 801-809, Elsevier (2010).

R.C. Newman, Stress Corrosion Cracking, Shreir’s Corrosion, 4th Edition, Vol. 2, pp 864-901, Elsevier (2010).

D.M. Artymowicz, R.C. Newman and J.D. Erlebacher, The relationship between the parting limit for de-alloying and a geometric high-density percolation threshold, Philos. Mag., 89, 1663-1693 (2009).

Jörg Weissmüller, Roger C. Newman, Hai-Jun Jin, Andrea M. Hodge and Jeffrey W. Kysar, Nanoporous metals by alloy corrosion: Formation and mechanical properties, MRS Bulletin, special issue, 34, 577-586 (2009).

A. Barnes, N.A. Senior and R.C. Newman, Film-induced cleavage of silver-gold alloys, Metall. Trans. A, 40, 58-68 (2009).

F. Scenini, R.C. Newman, R.A. Cottis and R.J. Jacko, Effect of surface preparation on intergranular stress corrosion cracking of Alloy 600 in hydrogenated steam, Corrosion, 64, 824-835 (2008).

R.C. Newman, Review and hypothesis for the stress corrosion mechanism of carbon steel in alcohols,Corrosion, 64, 819-823 (2008).

I.L. Liakos, E. McAlpine, X. Chen, R.C. Newman and M.R. Alexander, Assembly of octadecyl phosphonic acid on air annealed alumina, Appl. Surf. Sci., 255, 3276-3282 (2008).

R.C. Newman and F. Scenini, Another way to think about the critical oxide volume fraction for the internal to external oxidation transition? Corrosion, 64, 721-726 (2008).

R.C. Newman, Stress corrosion cracking of noble metals and their alloys in solutions containing cations of the noble metal: Review of observations relevant to competing models of SCC, Corros. Sci., 50, 1807-1810 (2008).

D.L. Engelberg, R.C. Newman and T.J. Marrow, Effect of thermo-mechanical process history on grain boundary control in austenitic stainless steel, Scr. Materialia, 59, 554-557 (2008).

P. Ernst and R.C. Newman, A kinetic interpretation of the peculiar interaction between alloyed molybdenum and dissolved bromide in the pitting corrosion of stainless steels, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, 11, C1-C4 (2008).

P. Ernst and R.C. Newman, Explanation of the effect of high chloride concentration on the Critical Pitting Temperature of stainless steel, Corros. Sci., 49, 3705-3715 (2007).

R.C. Newman and C. Healey, Stability, validity, and sensitivity to input parameters of the slip- dissolution model for SCC, Corros. Sci., 49, 4040-4050 (2007).

L.W. Lee, D.X. He, A.G. Carcea and R.C. Newman, Exploring the reactivity and nanoscale morphology of de-alloyed layers. Corros. Sci., 49, 72-80 (2007).

M.A. Dominguez Aguilar and R.C. Newman, Detection of deleterious phases in duplex stainless steel by weak galvanostatic polarization in alkaline solution. Corros. Sci., 49, 2560-2576 (2006).

T.J. Marrow, L. Babout, A.P. Jivkov, P. Wood, D. Engelberg, N. Stevens, P.J. Withers and R.C. Newman, Three dimensional observations and modeling of intergranular stress corrosion cracking in austenitic stainless steel, J. Nuclear Materials, 352, 62-74 (2006).

N.A. Senior and R.C. Newman, Synthesis of tough nanoporous metals by controlled electrolytic de-alloying. Nanotechnology, 17, 2311-2316 (2006).

H. Radhakrishnan, A. Carcea and R.C. Newman, Influence of Pb++ ions on the dissolution and passivation of nickel and Ni-21Cr in acidic solutions. Corros. Sci., 47, 3234-3240 (2005).

J. Deakin, B. Lynch, Z. Dong and R.C. Newman, De-alloying of 316L stainless steel in hot, concentrated NaOH solution. Corros. Sci., 46, 2117-2133 (2004).